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Most observers, right or left, pro-Israel or anti-Israel, would agree that Israeli-American relations are the worst they have been in memory. Among the many indications is that only 9 percent of Jewish Israelis think President Barack Obama’s administration is more pro-Israel than pro-Palestinian, according to a Smith Research poll taken during the last week of March on behalf of the Jerusalem Post. Given how much Israelis love and admire (and emigrate to) America, this level of mistrust is all the more remarkable.

Commentators on the left, of course, blame Israel. For them, this is a no-brainer; blaming Israel is as natural as breathing. One just does it. Furthermore, Israel is headed by a conservative prime minister, and America is presided over by the most pro-left president in its history.

Meanwhile, commentators on the right are virtually unanimous in supporting Israel. This is not simply an anti-Obama, pro-conservative-Netanyahu reflex, however. It stems from a variety of reasons:

First, Israel is our staunchest ally. Among other things, Israel votes with us in the United Nations more often than any other country, and it provides us with uniquely important technological know-how and intelligence.

Second, conservatives’ values are closer to Israel’s values than perhaps those of any other nation. As President Harry Truman said, “Israel is the embodiment of the great ideals of our civilization.”

Third, while a rift with Israel hurts Israel, it hurts America at least as much (as we shall see) and does not make Palestinians any more likely to make peace with the Jewish state. Recall, the Palestinians unleashed mass terror against Israel after a left-leaning Israeli prime minister agreed to give the Palestinians 97 percent of the territory conquered in 1967 and 3 percent more from Israel itself. Why, then, would the Palestinians make peace with Israel now, when half of the Palestinians are governed by Hamas, whose charter calls for Israel’s destruction? Because Obama humiliated the Israeli prime minister during the latter’s visit to Washington – over Israeli plans to build 1,600 apartments in Jerusalem?

Fourth, the greatest international threat today emanates from Iran, a threat that will be exponentially increased if Iran is not prevented from developing nuclear weapons. A weakened Israel means an emboldened Iran. And this frightens conservatives more than it does the world’s left and Obama.

Finally, there is a fifth reason tens of millions of Americans, many conservative commentators, support Israel and worry about America if American support for Israel wanes.

To the left in America and around the world, this reason is dangerous nonsense. But for a vast number of America’s Christians, many Jews and even many non-religious conservatives, it is deeper than any military or political reason. The reason is based on a verse in Genesis in which God, referring to the Jewish people, says to Abraham: “I will bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you.”

One need not be a Jew or Christian or even believe in God to appreciate that this verse is as accurate a prediction of the future as humanity has ever been given by the ancient world. The Jewish people have suffered longer and more horribly than any other living people. But they are still around. Their historic enemies are all gone. Those who cursed the Jews were indeed cursed.

And those who blessed the Jews were indeed blessed. The most blessed country for more than 200 years has been the United States. It has also been the most blessed place Jews have ever lived in. Is this a coincidence? Many of us think not.

Those who curse the Jews today seem to be cursed. The most benighted civilization today is the Arab world. One could make a plausible case that the Arab world’s preoccupation with Jew hatred and destroying Israel is decisive in keeping the Arab world from progressing. The day the Arab world makes peace with the existence of the tiny Jewish state in its midst, the Arab world will begin its ascent.

The converse is what worries tens of millions of Americans: The day America begins to abandon Israel, America will begin its descent.

Israel shares America’s values, such as liberty, an independent judiciary, a free press, freedom of religion, free speech and women’s equality. The Arab and Muslim worlds have none of these. Those facts – and America’s Judeo-Christian roots – make support of Israel, no matter what the Arab and Muslim “street” feels about America, a moral lynchpin of American foreign policy.

This administration’s desire to have America liked in the Arab and Muslim worlds therefore has to mean altering that lynchpin. You cannot protect Israel and strive to be liked in the Arab and Muslim worlds at the same time. And you cannot weaken that protection without weakening America’s moral values, which form the basis of America’s greatness.

Even aside from compromising America’s moral essence, weakening American support of Israel will only strengthen the America-hating Islamists. The notion that the primitive monsters of the Taliban, Hamas, al-Qaida and the like will become pro-American – or just stop attacking America – if America weakens its support of Israel betrays an ignorance of evil that is frightening.

So there is nothing to gain – and America’s soul to lose – by weakening, or by even seeming to weaken, American support for Israel.

In 1968, Eric Hoffer, the longshoreman turned philosopher and author of the classic work “The True Believer,” wrote in The Los Angeles Times:

“The Jews are alone in the world. If Israel survives, it will be solely because of Jewish efforts. And Jewish resources. Yet at this moment Israel is our only reliable and unconditional ally. We can rely more on Israel than Israel can rely on us.”

Hoffer concluded: “I have a premonition that will not leave me; as it goes with Israel so will it go with all of us. Should Israel perish, the holocaust will be upon us.”

Genesis was right.

Covenents 3

Covenants 3

NEW Covenant
The New Covenant is the fulfillment of all the covenants from the Adamic Covenant to the Davidic Covenant, which were all temporary covenants. The words of this covenant are found in the 4 Gospels, the Acts and all the Epistles from Romans to Jude and also Revelation. In other words, the New Testament. This covenant began with the nation of Israel. In Romans 1:16, Paul says that the gospel of Christ is the power of God unto salvation to all who believe: to the Jew first and also to the Greek. The covenant began with Israel but was not to stop there. The Adamic Covenant was made after the sin of Adam and redemption was needed for humanity. The Noahic Covenant was for the same reason. The Abrahamic Covenant to the Davidic Covenant had been made with the chosen nation Israel in mind. The New Covenant fulfills all of them and in this covenant we are brought face to face with redemption. The New Covenant was prophesied in Jeremiah 31:31-33. In the New Covenant, Jesus fulfills all of the Messianic promises that were given in the other covenants. Also, through the cross, Jesus abolished the temporary elements of the other covenants, such as the Aaronic priesthood and all of the animal sacrifices. Jesus is the seed of the woman in the Adamic Covenant and also the seed in the Abrahamic Covenant. Jesus abolished physical circumcision from the Abrahamic Covenant and made circumcision of the heart ‘spiritual’ in the New Covenant. In Romans 15:8, Paul tells us that Jesus was made a minister to the Jews to confirm the promises made to the patriarchs. In Galatians 3:8, Paul tells us that the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the gentiles by faith, preached the gospel in advance to Abraham. The chief blessing of the New Covenant is the salvation of the soul. Included in the meaning of the word salvation, is, “safety”, “security”, “preservation”, “deliverance”, and “wholeness”. Paul tells us in Ephesians 1:3 that salvation is a spiritual blessing that Jesus came to bring us from God. The following benefits are made possible spiritually by this great salvation:
(1 Pardon: Forgiveness and remission of the penalty of sin; [Acts 10:43 and 13:38-39]. The Old Covenant simply covered forgiven sin. The New Covenant provides cleansing for forgiven sin: [1 John 1:7-9].
(2 Justification: Declaring that we are righteous and in right standing before God; [Romans 3:24-26]. The Mosaic Covenant law could not make a person just: [Romans 3:19-20].
(3 Regeneration: By which one is born again into the family of God; [John 3:1-5 and 1 Peter 1:23].
(4 Assurance: Whereby one has the witness of the Spirit that he or she is secure; [Hebrews 6:10-12].
(5 Sanctification: Whereby one is set apart unto the Lord; [John 17:17, 1 Thessalonians 5:23-24 and Ephesians 5:26-27].
(6Adoption: Whereby one is placed as a son in the family of God; [Romans 8:15,23 and Galatians 4:5].
(7 Glorification: This is the final work of redemption in the perfected saint; [Romans 8:17,30 and 2 Corinthians 3:18].
While He was on the earth, Jesus, in His ministry, went about preaching and teaching in their synagogues, the gospel of the kingdom of God. Healing was also a part of His ministry: [Matthew 4:23-24]. The church is to be the instrument that Jesus uses today to bring the gospel of the kingdom to all nations: [Matthew 28:18-20]. There are many verses in the book of Acts that say that the church was fulfilling this command. With the preaching and teaching of the gospel by the disciples, many persons were born into the kingdom of God and were added to His church: [Acts 2:41-47, 5:14 and 11:24]. We have been delivered from the power of darkness unto the kingdom of God: [Colossians 1:13-14]. A big problem in the church today is tradition versus the word of God: [Matthew 15:1-9 and Mark 7:1-13]. I know a lot of people are going to say that, “that had to do with the Pharisees”, but it is the same in all the Christian churches today. We have more pharisaical type people in our churches now than what they had in all of Judaism in the time of Jesus. The outpouring of the Holy Spirit is prophesied in Ezekiel 36:25-27 and confirmed in Hebrews 10:22. Jesus promised us the Holy Spirit in John 7:37-39, 14: 16-17, 15:26 and 16:7-15. The fulfillment of this promise began in Acts chapters 2,10 and11, where both Jew and gentile were baptized in the Holy Spirit. The healing ministry of the Messiah, (Christ), was prophesied in Isaiah 53:4-5 and confirmed in Matthew 8:16-17 and 1 Peter 2:24. There are many acts of healing by Jesus in the 4 gospels. Healing is a blessing from God in the New Covenant that began with Jesus and the apostles and the disciples and on down to us. Miracles are also a blessing of the New Covenant and we find that in 1 Corinthians 12:10. As we read in 1 Corinthians 12:1-13, there are many more gifts listed. The New Covenant also has a blessing of deliverance. In all my studies I have come to the conclusion that a born again believer in Jesus Christ cannot be possessed by a demon or the devil. We have the Holy Spirit living in us and there is no way that the Holy Spirit and a demon can abide in the same place. We cannot mix Israel with the church. They just don’t mix. Israelites could be possessed by demons because the Holy Spirit did not indwell them. But, He does the born again believer. So, what is the deliverance? It is from the power of any sin like pornography, adultery, coveting, lust and all the rest. We have the power to cast out demons from any unbeliever: [Acts 16:16-18]. The New Covenant gives us the blessing of resurrection. Daniel prophesied of it in Daniel 12:13 and Hosea in Hosea 13:14 and Job in Job 19:25-27 and Jesus taught and demonstrated that He was the resurrection and the life in John 5:28-29 and 11: 25-26 and 43-44. Another blessing is of eternal life: [1 John 5:11-12]. Some of the curses in the other covenants are still in affect and some others have been done away with. In the New Covenant there are 3 main curses: The curse of the Jewish nation; Jesus ministered to them in the power of God, showing many signs and wonders, but they rejected Him and had Him crucified. Matthew 27:24-25 tells us that Pilate washed his hands and claimed that he was innocent of the shedding of the innocent blood of Jesus. The Jewish nation answered that His blood would be on their heads and the heads of their children. The curse of the Jewish nation cannot be lifted from “each individual” until “they” accept the blood of Jesus for cleansing. The curse of the wicked nations; all nations have rejected Jesus as savior. Romans 1:18-32 explains all of the reasons for this curse on the nations. The last is the eternal curse. This curse of curses is executed at the Great White Throne Judgment when all who have rejected Jesus will be cast into the lake of fire: [Matthew 25:41 and Revelation 20:11-15]. The New Covenant is a covenant of ‘grace’ rather than ‘works’ and it depends on ‘faith’ above ‘works’. The terms of this covenant are repentance and obedience. Repentance is the first step in coming to God: [Matthew 3:1-2, 6-12 and 4:17 and Acts 17:30 and 26:20]. Genuine repentance is changing direction and turning to God. Faith is the channel through which we receive the blessings: [Ephesians 2:8, Hebrews 11:6, John 3:16 and Ephesians 1:1-3]. The second step is Obedience. In all of the teachings of Jesus in the gospels, He laid down many conditions and obedience is the key: [Hebrews 5:8-9 and John 14:15 and 15:10]. The Mosaic Covenant required ‘legal’ obedience, The New Covenant requires ‘loving’ obedience: [1 John 3:22-24]. Jesus left us many commandments, but in Matthew 22:37-40, He breaks it down into 2. Love God and love your neighbor. All the commandments are summarized in the word love: [1 John 5:3, 2 John 6 and Romans 13:8-10]. Jesus, by His death on the cross, fulfills all the requirements of the Levitical law in the Mosaic Covenant. God was very particular about the body and blood of those animal victims. Their bodies had to be without blemish and without spot and they had to be disposed of in a certain manner. After the blood was used, it had to be disposed of in a certain manner also. Jesus fulfilled all of these requirements. The blood of this covenant is the blood of Jesus. From His blood we receive spiritual words: (1 Atonement: [Romans 5:11]. This means that we receive the blessings of the recovered favor of God. (2 Propitiation: [Romans 3:25 and 1 John 2:2 and 4:10. One of the meanings is “Mercy Seat”. According to the Mosaic Covenant, once a year the High Priest sprinkled blood on it and the blood became a covering for sin. In the New Covenant the blood of Jesus is not sprinkled on the Mercy Seat, but becomes a fountain of blood and all who come to Jesus are washed in that blood. His blood is an expiation of sin. In other words, the sin expires. It dies. Another meaning for propitiation is mercy. “For God so loved the world”: [John 3:16]. That is the whole world and that is a provision that no one is, by Divine pre-determination, excluded from the blood of Jesus. (3 Substitution: There is no word ‘substitute’ or ‘substitution’ in the bible. Romans 5:8 and 1 Peter 3:18 show us that God sent Jesus to the cross to die for our sins so that we would not have to die. If that is not substitution, I don’t know what is. Jesus died so that we could live. (4 Redemption: Colossians 1:14 tells us that we have been set free. Redeem means to buy back and that is what Jesus did for us. We had the penalty of death on our heads because of sin and Jesus took that penalty on Himself to redeem us. Read verse 13. It tells us that we are translated to the kingdom of Jesus. We are transferred or carried away from the kingdom of this world to the kingdom of God. (5 Ransom: In Exodus 21:30, a sum of money is laid upon the owner of an ox that had gored someone. If the owner is not stoned, he has to pay a ransom of a sum of money laid on him for his life. In the New Testament: Matthew 20:28, Mark 10:45 and 1 Timothy 2:5-6, God has put a price on the head of men and women because of sin and that price is death. No one is exempt because all have sinned. There is no money involved in the ransom of humanity. In order to save humanity, a human sacrifice had to be made. Jesus is the Lamb of God who gave His life for the ransom of all. There is one stipulation. We have to accept His blood and be washed by it to cleanse us from our sin. Jesus paid the ransom price that God set for our salvation. (6 Reconciliation: 2 Corinthians 5:18-21 and Hebrews 2:17 tell us, that by the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross, we who believe upon Him, are, by God’s own act, delivered from justly deserved death and made friends with God and children of God, whereby we can call Him Father. All of these words give us a bigger picture of what the blood of Jesus accomplished. In Matthew 26:26-28, Mark 14:22-24 and Luke 22:19-20, at the Last Supper, Jesus establishes an ordinance for the church, that we call “Communion” or “The Lord’s Table”. To be able to understand communion we have to look at the ordinance of Passover which was established by God for the Jewish nation in Exodus 12:43. There was also a time and a date set aside for keeping it: [Leviticus 23:5 and Numbers 9:2-3]. In Exodus 12:7-13, the Israelites had to take the blood of the sacrificial lamb and put it on the lintel and the doorposts of their houses so that the death angel would pass over them. The death angel passed over them, but slew all of the first born of Egypt, because there was no blood on their doors. All of the Israelites had blood on their doors, because there is no record of any of them dying. In verses 9-10, they were also told to eat all of the sacrificial lamb. Even though this took place before the Mosaic Covenant was given, it is considered part of it, part of the law. From the Old Testament Passover we go to the New Testament Passover. At the Last Supper, Jesus and His apostles were celebrating the Jewish feast of Passover. They were eating the lamb that had been slain and all the other ingredients that were required in that Passover meal. While they were still eating of that meal, Jesus took bread and blessed it and broke it and gave it to the apostles and said, “Take, eat, this is my body”. He then took the cup of wine and gave thanks and gave it to the apostles saying, “Drink ye all of it, for this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins”. From this, we get our “Communion Service” or whatever various churches call it. Everything that Jesus had done in His 3 year ministry was to prepare His disciples for the transition from the Old Covenant (Law), to the New Covenant (Grace), from the old Passover to the new Passover. In 1 Corinthians 5:7, Paul tells us that Jesus is our Passover. In John 1:29 and 36, John the Baptist calls Jesus “the Lamb of God”. Also in verse 29, John says, “Which taketh away the sin of the world”. What John is saying, is that Jesus was God’s sacrificial lamb. The Communion Service should be a powerful service, but it is not. Why is that? Because we are conducting that service in man’s way and not in God’s way. The problem is that theologians and scholars have robbed us of the way that Communion should be held. Jesus has said “take, eat, this is my body” and, “drink, this is my blood”. They say you can’t do that, because it is cannibalism. But that is not what God says. In the middle of eating the Jewish Passover, Jesus instituted the Christian Passover. As in the Jewish Passover, where they ate the sacrificial lamb, the Christian Passover calls for us to eat the sacrificial lamb and that lamb is Jesus. In a Communion Service, what are the people thinking of when they eat the cracker or the bread? Probably, they are thinking of how small or how stale it is or their sins or the cross or so many other things. In 1 Corinthians 11:23-25, Paul tells us in verse 24 that Jesus took bread and gave thanks and broke it and said, “Take, eat, this is my body, which is broken for you. This do in remembrance of Me”. Then Paul tells us in verse 25 that after the same manner Jesus took the cup saying, “This cup is the New Testament in My blood. This do ye, as often as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me”. Jesus told them this at the Jewish Passover, which was a physical feast. He sat before them and they did not eat of His body or drink of His blood because He was pointing them to a time after the cross. Jesus was showing them physically what they would have to do spiritually to remember Him after His death. When Jesus died on the cross, it was the Christian Day of Atonement where the blood of Jesus was brought to heaven to the Holy of Holies, God’s throne, by the High Priest Melchisedek and presented to God. Jesus died for the sins of the world, but in order to receive that atonement and Passover, an individual must receive Jesus as his or her personal savior. We have gone from the physical in the Old Testament to the spiritual in the New Testament. So, what is the Communion Service about? It is remembering the broken body and shed blood of Jesus, and we do that by eating His body and drinking His blood. Spiritually I can eat the body of Jesus and drink His blood because that is what He has told us to do. So, if we listen to Jesus we can and will, but if we listen to man we won’t. If any individual goes into a Communion Service with what Jesus said in mind, it will become a powerful service for that person. The service in the church will not be powerful until the congregation gets involved in it. The only thing that makes a person worthy of taking Communion is, that he or she has to know Jesus as their personal savior. The Last Supper contains 2 feasts, the old Passover where an animal was sacrificed and eaten, and the new Passover where the Lord Jesus is sacrificed and eaten. In the old, the lamb that was eaten disappeared. In the new, the Lamb of God, Jesus, remains intact forever. He never disappears. We have to remember that the blood of Jesus is the most important element in the bible and we can’t let anyone take it away from us. Without the blood of Jesus there is nothing, we are nothing. There are events in the Mosaic Covenant that prefigure events in the New Covenant. One of them is the Day of Atonement, physical in the Old and spiritual in the New. In the Old, a new animal had to be sacrificed each year, but in the New, Jesus was sacrificed once and that was forever. The bible tells us in Matthew 27:51, Mark 15:38 and Luke 23:45, that when Jesus died on the cross, the veil separating the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies was torn in two. In Hebrews 10:19-20, the bible says that the flesh of Jesus is now the veil. In the Old, when the veil was torn, all priest could enter the Holy of Holies and in the New, all born again believers in Jesus Christ can enter the Holy of Holies, which is the throne of God, because we have been made priest. As such, we can pass through the veil, JESUS, and enter into the throne of God. Physical sacrifices are out, but God requires in us, spiritual sacrifices: Righteousness, in Psalm 4:5. Joy, in Psalm 27:6. A broken and contrite spirit: in Psalm 51:17. Thanksgiving, in Psalm 107:22 and 116:17. Our bodies a living sacrifice, in Romans 12:1-2. Praise: in Hebrews 13:15. To do good and fellowship: in Hebrews 13:16. The fatherly and Aaronic and Levitical priesthood of the Old Testament was fulfilled in the New Covenant order of Melchisedek. All of the Old Testament priest died but in the New Covenant order, Jesus and Melchisedek never die. We are also priest in that order: [Hebrews, chapters 5,6,7]. In contrast to Moses and Aaron and all Old Testament priest who were sinful and needed redemption, Jesus is a sinless priest who does not need redemption. He is the redeemer: [2 Corinthians 5:21]. Jesus is a divine human priest as shown in John 1:1-3 and Hebrews 2:17. As a divine human priest, Jesus is the perfect mediator of this covenant. A true mediator has to understand perfectly, the parties that need reconciliation. Moses and all of the Old Testament priest could understand man’s part but could not fully understand God’s part. Jesus as a divine priest could fully understand God’s part, and as a human priest, He can fully understand man’s part also, to bring reconciliation between a Holy God and a sinful man. There is a sanctuary in the New Covenant. If we look in all of the other covenants, from Adam to Jesus, they all had physical sanctuaries. When any of the Old Testament patriarchs built an altar for sacrifice to God, it was considered a sanctuary. It was physical because man built it. The sanctuary in the New Covenant is spiritual. Heaven is where God dwells and it is the Most Holy of all places. Most pictures that we see of heaven are of what is called the Pearly Gates. Usually, someone is there checking people in. That’s false. There are no Pearly Gates, but there is a ‘door’. The Old Testament gives us a picture of the veil that separated the 2 chambers in the Tabernacle. This was a physical veil. In the New Covenant, that physical veil becomes a spiritual veil. The flesh of Jesus has become that veil. In heaven, there is a ‘door’ to enter in, and Jesus, as the veil, has also become that ‘door’. There is no other entrance into heaven. All born again believers in Jesus Christ have become priest and are able to pass through that veil. We are spiritual priest after the order of Melchisedek, just like Jesus. Again, that is spiritual. We read in Matthew 7:21-23 and Luke 13:25-27, of people knocking on the door and saying, ‘Lord let us in’, and Jesus replying, ‘Depart, I never knew you’. Jesus is the veil to the believer and the door to the unbeliever. There is a gate and a door. The gate is found in Matthew 7:13-14 and Luke 13:24. These verses in Matthew and Luke give us a picture of what happens at the door. There is a difference between gate and door. An easy way to picture it would be to picture a house with a fence around it. The opening to that enclosure would be called a ‘gate’ and the opening into the house would be called a ‘door’. Anyone wanting to see someone in the house can enter the gate without knocking, but they have to knock on the door to be allowed in the house. There is a broad way and a narrow way. Most people understand that the unsaved enter the broad way, but they do not understand the narrow way. Most people believe that the only ones who enter the strait gate and walk that way are Christians. That is not the case. In all of the Christian churches, there are people who look like Christians, talk like Christians and act like Christians, but they are not Christians. Those people have entered the narrow way and are walking on their journey side by side with the Christians. When the journey is over (death) for both parties, they come to the door of heaven. Jesus is that door. For the born again believer, Jesus is the veil, and as priest we can go through the veil into heaven. The unbeliever is met by Jesus, the door. When they knock on that door, Jesus tells them that He never knew them and that they cannot enter in. It is too late for them. The seal of this covenant is the Holy Spirit. We can find that in Ephesians 1:13-14 and 2 Corinthians 1:22. In Hebrews 13:20, the bible tells us that this covenant is everlasting, [in the King James version], and eternal, [in the NIV]. So, when we talk about the blood of Jesus in this covenant, the blood never goes away. It is forever. The fountain of blood never runs dry. I want to say one more thing about the blood of Jesus. A Christian belief is that we have been washed in the blood of Jesus. In other words, we have taken a bath in His blood, and that bath has washed away all our sins. This is spiritual. If we can believe that, then why can’t we believe that we can drink His blood at a Communion Service, spiritually?

Bill Gauthier

Any questions/comments??? Call Me @860-443-6531

Covenents 2

Covenants 2


MOSAIC Covenant

The Mosaic covenant was a temporary covenant given to Israel on Mt. Sinai and was fulfilled by Jesus. A later covenant, the New covenant, terminates it. It is the most complicated of all. It details the animal sacrifices, the priesthood, the sanctuary and the complete governing of the nation Israel, both spiritual and physical. It was made with Israel and only Israel, as seen in Exodus 24:7-8 and Deuteronomy 5:1-5. This covenant was made 430 years after the Abrahamic covenant: (Exodus 12:40 and Galatians 3:14-18). In Egypt, Israel became a great nation but failed in their relationship with God: (Joshua 24:14 and Ezekiel 20:5-9). God prepared a man, (Moses), to deliver them. Moses tried to do this in his own strength by killing an Egyptian. To get away from the wrath of Pharaoh for his killing of the Egyptian, Moses fled to Midian and remained there for 40 years. God appeared to him there in a burning bush and told him what he had to do. When he finally agreed to go and was on his way, God sought to kill him for failing to keep the Abrahamic covenant in his family: (Genesis 17:9-14). He could not deliver Israel until his family was under the Abrahamic covenant. It was his responsibility to circumcise his children. He circumcised his 2 sons and then God made him well: (Exodus 4:24-26). God gave Moses some special signs and wonders to help Israel accept him and to help Pharaoh let the people go. The 10th plague brings us to the celebration of the Passover Feast. Israel leaves Egypt and not much time passes before they start complaining. There is much going on after leaving Egypt, but finally they arrive at Mt. Sinai. The generation that left Egypt consisted of men 20 years old and older, not men under 20 nor women. They complained and murmured all the time. They proved themselves to be a faithless generation. They provoked God many times by disobedience even though they had promised God to obey all of His words: (Exodus 19:8 and 24:3,7). God chose Israel out of all of the nations to be a model nation by which He could show His grace and mercy to other nations, but their failure to be a model nation is illustrated by the guilt of the entire world. The Mosaic covenant sets forth the divine standard of righteousness: (Psalm 19:7-10). It gives a clear external definition of sin: (Romans 7:7). It exposes Israel and all the world of their guilt before God: (Romans 3:19). The law put them under a schoolmaster to prepare them for the coming of their Messianic Seed, Christ, and to provide a ceremonial law in the sacrificing of animals for providing atonement for sin. Many people think that atonement is a big word with deep meanings. It is. But for our purposes, all it means is the covering over of the sin. God allowed the blood of the animals to cover the sin. In other words, hide it from His eyes so that He could have fellowship with the sinner. It does not wash it away, but points to the cross and the blood of Christ, which does wash it away. This way of hiding God’s eyes from the sin of man was put in operation by God Himself, not man. The blood of the animals was a temporary atonement for sin. Sacrifices were part of the law, but the law could not justify, (make righteous), man before God. Galatians 3:10-16 explains to us that it is by the grace of God and by faith in Jesus Christ that we are justified. The Mosaic covenant does not annul or replace the Abrahamic covenant. It runs parallel with it. Galatians 3:15-19 shows that both covenants flowed to the cross and Jesus Christ. There are more words and chapters in this covenant than in any other Old Testament covenant. All of these words can be classified under 3 major divisions of the law: moral law, civil law and ceremonial law. Moral law would be the 10 Commandments. Civil law samples would be found in Exodus chapters 21 to 23. The ceremonial law had to do with all of the sacrifices and various feast days. All 3 come under the 1 word, ‘law’. Abraham’s covenant was of promise. The Mosaic covenant was of conditions. The consequence of their unbelief and the punishment for their disobedience was clearly spelled out to them. In the 10 Commandments that were given to Moses, the 1st four had to do with the relationship between God and man. The last six had to do with the relationship between man and man. In Deuteronomy 11: 26-28, we read of blessings and curses: blessings for obeying and curses for disobeying. The love of God is the key to obeying His commands. There was no oath attached to this covenant. This covenant has the fullest and most detailed description of sacrifices. God was very exact as to what happened to the bodies of the sacrificial animals and He was also particular about what happened to the blood. There were 5 types of offerings, the Burnt offering, the Meal offering and the Peace offering. These 3 offerings were voluntary. The Sin offering and the Trespass offering were 2 offerings that were compulsory. There were other sacrifices for cleansing lepers, the daily sacrifice, the Sabbath day, the feast days and others. No matter how much animal blood was shed, it could not remove the sin. All it could do was cover sin until the blood of Jesus would wash sin away. There are 5 major truths about the blood; (1. It has a voice: Genesis 4:10 and Hebrews 12:24. (2. It is the life: Genesis 9:4-5 and Deuteronomy 12:23. (3. It is an atonement for the soul: Leviticus 17:11-12. (4. It is the evidence of outpouring life: Deuteronomy 12:16, 23-24. (5. It is evidence of judgment of sin by death: Leviticus 16:15-16. Until this covenant, the patriarchs were the mediators of the covenants. In this covenant there were 2 mediators. Moses acted as the king and was the mediator of the words of this covenant and Aaron the High Priest was mediator of the blood of this covenant. In Exodus 19:1-6, we read that Israel was to be a kingdom of priest, but they failed, so God chose the tribe of Levi for that purpose. The dual king-High priesthood of Moses and Aaron prefigures the King-High Priesthood of Jesus Christ. The Levitical priesthood prefigures the priesthood of all believers in Christ: (Hebrews 2:5,9). In Exodus 25:8, God tells Moses to have the people build Him a tabernacle so that He could dwell with them. The details for the building of this tabernacle are found in Exodus chapters 25 to 40. This tabernacle is the sanctuary of this covenant. The 1st chamber is called the Holy of Holies. This is where God dwelt. No one could enter it except the High Priest, once a year, on the Day of Atonement. The 2nd chamber, called the Holy Place, had need of the priest ministering in it daily. A veil separated the 2 chambers. The 3rd area was the outer court that surrounded the 2 chambers and in it were the Brazen Altar and the Brazen Laver. This is where the priest performed the daily sacrifices and ceremonial cleansing by blood and water. There is much more that can be said about this covenant, but it’s perfect fulfillment is found in our Lord Jesus Christ.



The Palestinian covenant was made in the land of Moab: (Deuteronomy 9:1), and was given to the 2nd generation of Israel since leaving Egypt. After 40 yrs of wandering in the desert, the 1st generation had all died except 2, Joshua and Caleb. The Mosaic Covenant was given to the 1st generation out of Egypt at Mt Sinai and they were given all the laws for the people. The Palestinian Covenant was given to the 2nd generation just before they entered the land that God had promised Abraham, and they were given laws for the land. This Covenant is closely associated with the Mosaic Covenant. This generation was under both covenants. The word land is used approximately 180 times in the book of Deuteronomy, a primary focus. In Deuteronomy 8:7-10 and 11:9-17, and Leviticus 26:3-13, Moses gave the Israelites a good description of the Promised Land. God promised that if they were obedient, many blessings would come upon them and overtake them. God also promised that if they were disobedient, many cursings would come upon them and overtake them. The following are the promises of Blessing found in Deuteronomy 28:1-14 and the promises of Cursing found in Deuteronomy 28:15-68.

Blessings:                                           Cursings:

a. Blessed in the city                          a. Cursed in the city

b. Blessed in the field                         b. Cursed in the field

c. Blessed in fruitfulness                    c. Cursed in fruitfulness

d. Blessed in daily provision              d. Cursed in daily provision

e. Blessed in daily activities               e. Cursed in daily activities

f. Blessed in victory over enemies      f. Cursed in labor

g. Blessed in store houses                   g. Cursed in diseases

h. Blessed in labor                              h. Cursed in the land

i. Blessed in seasonal rain                   i. Cursed in the lack of rains

j. Blessed in national position             j. Cursed in defeat by their enemies

k. Blessed in commerce                      k. Cursed in captivities

                                                             l. Cursed in domestic life

                                                            m. Cursed in possessions

                                                             n. Cursed in national position


The fulfillment of the promises of blessing can be found in the books of Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. In Leviticus 25:23-24 God says that the land is His and He is Lord of the land. Today we would say Landlord, and as Landlord, God dictates the terms or conditions by which the Israelites could possess this land. In the Mosaic covenant, the Sabbath day, the day of rest, was the emphasis. In the Palestinian covenant, the Sabbatical year, every 7th year, was a year of Sabbath rest for the land and it was the emphasis. Leviticus 25:1-7 tells us that they could not sow the field or prune the vineyard on that 7th year. Because of the disobedience of Judah, the southern kingdom, in 606 BC, they were overrun by Nebuchadnezzar and taken to Babylon as captives for 70 years as punishment because they had not allowed the land to rest for 70 of the 7th year Sabbaths: (2 Chronicles 36:21). There is an oath involved with the curses and it’s found in Daniel 9:11. Remember, Daniel was 1 of those who were taken captive to Babylon. Deuteronomy is the book of this covenant: (Deuteronomy 31:9-10, 24-26). The blood of this covenant is found in Deuteronomy 27:5-7. The burnt offerings and the peace offerings were voluntary. The mediator of this covenant is the same as prescribed in the Mosaic covenant. After the death of Moses the mediator of words and Aaron the mediator of blood, Eleazar, the son of Aaron, became the High Priest and thus became mediator of both the words and the blood. In Psalm 78:54 and Exodus 15:17, we read that the land of Palestine was God’s sanctuary. In this land was the Holy City: (Nehemiah 11:1,18, the Holy Hill: (Psalm 15:1), the Holy Temple:  (Psalm 5:7), the Holy Mountain: (Daniel 9:16, the Holy Land:  (Zechariah 2:12). In Deuteronomy 27:4-8 Moses commands the building of the altar and the sacrifices to be done, and in Joshua 8:30-32, Joshua has it done. In Deuteronomy 27:11-13, Moses commands that 6 tribes stand on Mount Gerizim, the mount of blessing and 6 tribes on Mount Ebal, the mount of cursing and in Joshua 8:33-35, Joshua has it done. The curses are found in Deuteronomy 27:15-26 and the blessings in Deuteronomy 28:1-14. With all of this, the land and the people were consecrated unto God. The blessings and cursings had to do with their performance. If they obeyed God, the blessings would come. If they disobeyed Him, then the cursings would come. The Sabbath Year of ‘rest for the land’ was a very important part of the covenant. Israel continually disobeyed and was punished in many ways. Finally, the northern kingdom of Israel was cast out of the land in 721 BC by the Assyrians and taken into captivity, never to return again. The southern kingdom of Judah was cast out in 606 BC and taken into captivity by the Babylonians, and after 70 years a remnant was allowed to return. Before the cross, Israel was supposed to be the base for God’s redemption, but since the cross, the land has ceased to be the focal point. It may be called the Holy Land, but it is not a holy land. The focal point of redemption is no longer a promised place, but is now a promised Person; Jesus Christ. Today, the church of Jesus Christ is God’s land and He cultivates it to get fruit from it.


DAVIDIC Covenant

The Davidic covenant is an extension of the Abrahamic covenant. The chief promise of this covenant has to do with kingship. In the Abrahamic covenant, kingship was promised to Abraham in Genesis17: 6, to Sarah in Genesis 17:16, to Jacob in Genesis 35:11, and to Judah in Genesis 49:10. In the Mosaic covenant, kingship is promised to the nation Israel in Numbers 23:21 and in Deuteronomy 17:14-20. There are promises in this covenant in 2 Samuel 7:10 and 1 Chronicles 17:9. There is an appointed land and God ordained that they should move no more. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob moved all over the area but had no place to call their own. In 2 Samuel 7:11 and 1 Chronicles 17:10, they were promised victory over their enemies and also ‘rest’. David not only regained all of the land that Israel had lost, but also conquered the land that was promised to Abraham in 2 Chronicles 9:26. David would have a ruling dynasty according to 2 Samuel 7:11-16 and 1 Chronicles 17:11-15. His seed would be on the throne of his kingdom forever. Under the Abrahamic covenant, God chose a nation, (Israel), and from this nation, a tribe, (Judah). Under the Davidic covenant, God chose a family, ‘David of Jesse’. All of the kings on the throne of the house of Judah, (tribes of Judah and Benjamin), range from Solomon in 1 Kings chapters 1-11 to Zedekiah in 2 Kings 24:17-20 and chapter 25. None of the kings of the northern kingdom, (the other ten tribes), were of the Davidic seed. David died in the year 1015 BC and Solomon became king. All of the kings of Judah sat on the throne in Jerusalem for approximately 409 years until 606 BC. For the next 606 years, there was no Davidic king sitting on the throne in Jerusalem. Does that mean that God broke His promise to David? The answer is an emphatic NO. Even though there was no king sitting on the throne, God’s promise to Abraham and David of their seed sitting on the throne is fulfilled in Jesus, who is the Seed Royal, the King of Kings. Luke 1:31-33 tells us, before the fact, that Jesus would be king. Acts 2:29-36 tells us, after the fact, that Jesus was king. In Matthew 1, you will find that the line of David continues from his son Solomon, to Joseph, the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus. In Luke 3, you will find that the line of David continues through his son Nathan, to Mary, the mother of Jesus. Why the two lines? Because one was a physical line and the other was a spiritual line. In Matthew, we see the physical line. All kings that are recorded in scripture from Solomon to Zedekiah come from this line. When Jesus was born, everyone thought that Joseph was His father. No one knew that Jesus’ father was God until He died and the gospels were written. The line that comes through Nathan is the spiritual line.  By this, I mean that it leads to Jesus, who was a spiritual king. Jesus was never anointed a physical king. He is the spiritual king and David’s throne, which Jesus sits upon, is in heaven. There is no other mention of any of the persons in Nathan’s line, in the bible, except in this genealogy. Solomon’s line is physical because we can see all the kings. In Nathan’s line there were no kings except Jesus. The focal point of the Davidic covenant is found in 2 Samuel 7:1-10, where David wanted to build God’s house. God refuses to allow him to do it, but God promised David that He would build David’s house. This is not referring to a building but to his posterity. Solomon, David’s son, was allowed to build the temple. The temple prefigures Christ: (John 2:18-21), and the church: (1 Corinthians 3:16, 19-22). In 2 Samuel 7:18-29 and 1 Chronicles 17:16-27, David, in his prayer, professes his faith. Obedience was also a requirement: (2 Samuel 7:14 and Psalm 89:30-32). This covenant was confirmed by an oath: (Psalm 89:3-4). There were many blood sacrifices in this covenant, but in David we also see spiritual sacrifices: (Psalm 27:6 and 116:17-19, Hebrews 13:15-16 and 1 Peter 2:5). The seal of the covenant is in Psalm 89:34-37, where God promised David that He would not alter or break this covenant and that his seed and his throne would endure forever. God uses the sun and moon to establish it. As long as the ordinances of heaven, sun, moon and so on, remain in affect, the promise to David of his seed and throne also remain in affect. Christ is the ultimate fulfillment of this covenant. In Jesus, David finds his Lord (as to His Divinity) and his son (as to His Humanity).

Bill Gauthier

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