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Adam & Eve

Adam and Eve

In the 1st verse of the Bible, in Genesis 1:1, it says “In the beginning”. There is no way of knowing when that was. It could have been millions of years ago. Time was not recorded, as we now know it, until Adam and Eve were cast out of the Garden of Eden. That’s when day one began for them and 4004 BC began. God created all things in 6 days and rested on the 7th day. The Bible teaches us that 1 day to God is like a thousand years to us, (2 Peter 3:8). So the time of creation could have been at least 7 thousand years. Some commentaries give the time at less than that. In fact, one of my Bibles, the King James Crusade Analytical Study Edition, gives 4004 BC as the beginning. If you add 4004 BC in the Old Testament as the beginning with 2005 the date now of the New Testament, the total comes to 6009 years since the beginning. The number 4004 in my Bible does not change until chapter 4 when Cain and Abel are born. It then changes to 4003. That would mean that if 4004 BC was the beginning of creation, then Adam and Eve were cast out of the Garden before they were on earth for 1 year.
The date changes to 3875 BC in chapter 4:8-17 where Cain slays Abel and he is cast away from the face of God. He tells God that his punishment is greater than he can bear and that every man that finds him will kill him. Then he takes a wife. Where did these people come from? They had to be Adam’s children or grandchildren or even further down the line. When it gets to chapter 5 the date changes back to 4004 because this begins the generation of Adam. The next date change is when Adam is 130 years old and the date is 3874 BC and he had a son and called his name Seth. In 5:4 it states that Adam lived another 800 years and begat sons and daughters. This is the first time any of Adam and Eve’s children are mentioned other than Cain, Abel and Seth. From chapter 5:1 I do not have any problems with the dates, if they begin after Adam was cast out of the Garden. Now let’s get back to creation:
In Genesis 1:1 God creates the heaven and the earth. On the first day He creates Light only, because darkness is already there. Then He separates them and calls them day and night. Between the 1st day and the 6th day He creates almost everything else. On the 6th day He creates all the animals and the creeping things and man.
Bible believers today say that science always proves that the Bible is correct and true. There is a science today, the study of fossils that tells us the age of bones or wood or ferns that they’ve found. In my encyclopedia it says that they have found fossils that were 2, 4, 6 hundred thousand years old and older. I don’t know how they test these fossils to come up with these figures and they may be incredible but they are believable. No matter how we look at the study of fossils and claim it’s not an exact science like computing miles, it is taught to our children in school. When people read the newspapers and see how old these fossils can be, they all (adults and children) get confused when bible believers put a date on creation. 7 days of creation is a period of time, not a collection of 7 ‘24 hour days’.
When God created the sun, moon, stars and the earth and put them into orbit, that was the beginning of night and day, the 24 hour period that we know today. In 1:14 it says night and day were divided for signs and seasons and days and years, not that they were going to be recorded then.
In 1:27 He created man and woman in his own image, which is spiritual. In 2:7 He actually creates man physically. In 2:8 God plants the Garden of Eden and in 2:16-18 He commands Adam that he can eat of every tree of the garden except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil for in the day that he eats of it he will die. How will he die? What is this death? A lot of scholars believe that what God was saying was that Adam’s punishment for eating the fruit would be physical death. What God meant was that Adam’s punishment for eating the fruit would be to die spiritually. Dying physically, is not the punishment for Adam having eaten of the fruit, it is the result. What does this mean? Because Adam ate of the fruit, sickness and disease entered into this world. Aging of the body, which leads to death, also began. These things happened because Adam sinned. It was not the punishment for the sin.
In 2:15 God puts Adam in the garden to cultivate it, and in 2:19 God forms every beast of the field and the birds of the air and brings them to Adam to name them. How long this took I don’t know but there was no rush because he had forever to do it. In seeing all these animals mated, Adam probably was thinking, ‘how come I don’t have a mate’? Anyway, God sees that and knows that Adam needs a mate. There is no way of knowing how much time has gone by but it could have been many, many years.
In 2:22, God made the woman, and brought her to Adam. This is the first marriage ceremony, the father bringing the woman and presenting her to the man and they become husband and wife.
Between 2:25 and 3:1 there is another time period. I don’t know how long this one is either but I believe it could have also been many years. In 1:28 God tells the man and the woman to be fruitful and multiply and replenish, (fill), the earth. With this command from God, there is no way that He would shut up her womb or that they would abstain from sex. So I believe that they had many children in the garden. There are only three children mentioned in the beginning. After Adam is cast out of the garden, Cain, Abel and Seth are mentioned and there are reasons for that and I will talk about that later.
In chapter 3:1 the temptation begins. I believe that Eve was by herself at this time because if Adam had been there he would have stopped her. In all this time Satan had tried to tempt Adam and failed. The Bible does not relate that. ‘Don’t you think that if Satan would tempt Jesus, he would also tempt everyone else including Adam’? To get to Adam he uses Eve. Eve was not the primary target. Adam was. This is because the command not to eat of that fruit was given to him. So Eve is tempted and she eats of the fruit and nothing happens. The fruit looks good and tastes good, so she runs to Adam and tells him that she ate of the fruit and nothing happened to her. She is still alive, so he also eats of the fruit. Once he eats of the fruit, their eyes are opened and they see that they are naked. Remember, this is the tree of knowledge and seeing their nakedness is a result of eating from the tree. Now they cover themselves with fig leaves. I don’t know what their thoughts were regarding nudity. It wasn’t that they were trying to hide from each other. They were hiding from God because Adam had done wrong. It was also possible that they wanted to hide their nakedness from their children. Why didn’t this happen to Eve when she first took a bite? It is because the command was given only to Adam. Adam changed God’s command and told Eve that she could not ‘Touch’ the tree. God never told Adam that he could not touch the tree.
We can see that they did not die physically because they were still walking around, and their soul did not die because they were still thinking, so what did die? It was the spirit of God in man, not the Holy Spirit. If you go back to 1:27, God created man in His own image, which is the spirit of God in man. In 2:7 God forms man from the dust of the earth and that is the body that houses the spirit. Then He breathes into him and he becomes a living soul, which means that he is alive. The soul is everything in man that is not physical, like pride, thought, will and anything else, and this is the spirit of man in man. Every human being is made up of 3 parts, body, soul and spirit. The soul is also spirit but it would be confusing to say man is made of 3 parts, body, spirit and spirit.
Getting back to dying from eating of the fruit: a lot of scholars believe that instead of living forever, Adam was going to die someday. When Adam ate the fruit, which for him was a sin, he introduced sickness, disease and the aging process into humanity. The body would not live forever but die from sickness, disease, or old age. That is the result of sin, not the punishment. What I mean by ‘the result of sin’ is that because he sinned, these things started to happen. If dying physically was the punishment for sin, how could God bring two men to heaven without dying? In God we have a righteous judge and He could never bring Enoch (Genesis 5:24) and Elijah (2 Kings 2:11) to Heaven without physically dying if the punishment for eating the fruit were to be physical death. So physical death cannot be the punishment for Adam’s sin. So what died? The spirit of God in man!!
When I became a Christian, I became born again and the Holy Spirit quickened my ‘spirit’. Quickened, means to make alive. That’s the rebirth. At that time I was physically alive and my soul was also alive because I was still thinking, so what was dead in me was the ‘spirit of God’ in me. Now the spirit of God is alive in me. The Holy Spirit dwells in me. In John 3:3 Jesus tells Nicodemus that he must be born again, not physically (body) or mentally (soul) but spiritually (spirit).
Going back to Genesis 3:9, God calls out to Adam and Adam says he hid himself because he was naked. God asked Adam, “Who told YOU that? Have YOU eaten of the tree that I commanded YOU to not eat of”? So Adam blames God for giving him the woman who gave him the fruit. So God says to the woman, “what have you done”? He is not asking about eating the fruit but in bringing it to Adam. So she answers that the serpent tricked her and she ate of the fruit. Then God told the serpent that it would crawl on its belly all the days of its life. God tells Eve that in childbirth she would have sorrow and pain in her pregnancy. I believe that up until this point she had many children without any pain or problems in pregnancy or delivery. Otherwise this curse would mean nothing to her. The second part of the curse was that her desire would be to her husband and he would rule over her. Why this curse? It is because she didn’t listen to Adam on her own. She had a will of her own and decided not to listen to Adam. Just like children today. They have a will of their own and lots of times decide not to listen to their parents. Now the curse says that she would have to obey him. God says to Adam, “Because you hearkened unto the voice of your wife and ate of the tree”. Notice the difference. When God talks to the woman, He never mentions anything about eating of the fruit, but with Adam it’s always mentioned. The curse for Adam was that he would have all kinds of problems with the ground. It would not produce like it did before. Now he would have to sweat in his work for it to produce.
Like I said before there is no mention of any children until Cain and Abel. Why only these two? Let’s look at Israel in the Promised Land at the battle of Jericho, (Joshua 7:24-25). Achan takes things that God had said not to take and we see what happened to him. In the beginning of the Christian church, (Acts 5:1-10), we read of Ananias and Sapphira who lied about the donation of money to the apostles and we see what happened to them. This is God showing the Israelites and the first century church that they cannot go against what He commands. It’s the same way with Cain and Abel. They were the beginning of man’s walk on earth after being cast out of the garden. The slaying of Abel was the result of Adam’s sin in the garden. All 3 sins were committed in secret but the sin found them out. That’s why Cain and Abel are mentioned.
In 4:25 Adam and Eve have another son and they call him Seth. Why is he the only one mentioned here? It is because he is in the line of Jesus. There are 2 genealogies in the gospels. The first one is in the gospel of Matthew. He is writing to the Hebrews. In 1:1 it says ‘the book of the generation of Jesus Christ’. The genealogy begins with Abraham and goes through King David to Joseph the husband of Mary. This is to show the Hebrews that Jesus was a Hebrew from Abraham and in the line of King David, so that He could be a king. In 2 Samuel 7:12-16, David is promised by God through Nathan the prophet that David’s house and his Kingdom and throne will be established forever.
The second genealogy is in the gospel of Luke and he is writing to the gentiles about Jesus the Man. In 3:23 the genealogy starts at Jesus. This is the line of Mary. This genealogy goes backwards through King David and Abraham all the way back to Adam. Luke wants to prove to the gentiles that Jesus was a man. From King David, Matthew’s genealogy goes through Solomon. Luke’s goes through Nathan. Both of these men were sons of King David. This is why Seth is mentioned. Without Seth there is no connection between Jesus and Adam.
I believe that before Adam ate of the fruit, animals lived together in harmony and that they were vegetarians. The birds also had no problems. The land was beautiful and produced abundantly. That was not only in the garden, but it was all over the earth. After Adam of ate the fruit, everything changed. The land, animals, birds and people all changed. We see the result of the change today. Some humans, animals and birds are predators. In The ‘beginning’ there were no predators. In reading all that I have written, if you accept it, that’s good. If not, that’s all right too. Study this part of scripture and if you have a question about this, ask me! If you don’t know me, ask the person who gave it to you and they can ask me.

Bill Gauthier
Any Questions/Comments??? Call Me @ 860-443-6531


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Covenents 3

Covenants 3

NEW Covenant
The New Covenant is the fulfillment of all the covenants from the Adamic Covenant to the Davidic Covenant, which were all temporary covenants. The words of this covenant are found in the 4 Gospels, the Acts and all the Epistles from Romans to Jude and also Revelation. In other words, the New Testament. This covenant began with the nation of Israel. In Romans 1:16, Paul says that the gospel of Christ is the power of God unto salvation to all who believe: to the Jew first and also to the Greek. The covenant began with Israel but was not to stop there. The Adamic Covenant was made after the sin of Adam and redemption was needed for humanity. The Noahic Covenant was for the same reason. The Abrahamic Covenant to the Davidic Covenant had been made with the chosen nation Israel in mind. The New Covenant fulfills all of them and in this covenant we are brought face to face with redemption. The New Covenant was prophesied in Jeremiah 31:31-33. In the New Covenant, Jesus fulfills all of the Messianic promises that were given in the other covenants. Also, through the cross, Jesus abolished the temporary elements of the other covenants, such as the Aaronic priesthood and all of the animal sacrifices. Jesus is the seed of the woman in the Adamic Covenant and also the seed in the Abrahamic Covenant. Jesus abolished physical circumcision from the Abrahamic Covenant and made circumcision of the heart ‘spiritual’ in the New Covenant. In Romans 15:8, Paul tells us that Jesus was made a minister to the Jews to confirm the promises made to the patriarchs. In Galatians 3:8, Paul tells us that the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the gentiles by faith, preached the gospel in advance to Abraham. The chief blessing of the New Covenant is the salvation of the soul. Included in the meaning of the word salvation, is, “safety”, “security”, “preservation”, “deliverance”, and “wholeness”. Paul tells us in Ephesians 1:3 that salvation is a spiritual blessing that Jesus came to bring us from God. The following benefits are made possible spiritually by this great salvation:
(1 Pardon: Forgiveness and remission of the penalty of sin; [Acts 10:43 and 13:38-39]. The Old Covenant simply covered forgiven sin. The New Covenant provides cleansing for forgiven sin: [1 John 1:7-9].
(2 Justification: Declaring that we are righteous and in right standing before God; [Romans 3:24-26]. The Mosaic Covenant law could not make a person just: [Romans 3:19-20].
(3 Regeneration: By which one is born again into the family of God; [John 3:1-5 and 1 Peter 1:23].
(4 Assurance: Whereby one has the witness of the Spirit that he or she is secure; [Hebrews 6:10-12].
(5 Sanctification: Whereby one is set apart unto the Lord; [John 17:17, 1 Thessalonians 5:23-24 and Ephesians 5:26-27].
(6Adoption: Whereby one is placed as a son in the family of God; [Romans 8:15,23 and Galatians 4:5].
(7 Glorification: This is the final work of redemption in the perfected saint; [Romans 8:17,30 and 2 Corinthians 3:18].
While He was on the earth, Jesus, in His ministry, went about preaching and teaching in their synagogues, the gospel of the kingdom of God. Healing was also a part of His ministry: [Matthew 4:23-24]. The church is to be the instrument that Jesus uses today to bring the gospel of the kingdom to all nations: [Matthew 28:18-20]. There are many verses in the book of Acts that say that the church was fulfilling this command. With the preaching and teaching of the gospel by the disciples, many persons were born into the kingdom of God and were added to His church: [Acts 2:41-47, 5:14 and 11:24]. We have been delivered from the power of darkness unto the kingdom of God: [Colossians 1:13-14]. A big problem in the church today is tradition versus the word of God: [Matthew 15:1-9 and Mark 7:1-13]. I know a lot of people are going to say that, “that had to do with the Pharisees”, but it is the same in all the Christian churches today. We have more pharisaical type people in our churches now than what they had in all of Judaism in the time of Jesus. The outpouring of the Holy Spirit is prophesied in Ezekiel 36:25-27 and confirmed in Hebrews 10:22. Jesus promised us the Holy Spirit in John 7:37-39, 14: 16-17, 15:26 and 16:7-15. The fulfillment of this promise began in Acts chapters 2,10 and11, where both Jew and gentile were baptized in the Holy Spirit. The healing ministry of the Messiah, (Christ), was prophesied in Isaiah 53:4-5 and confirmed in Matthew 8:16-17 and 1 Peter 2:24. There are many acts of healing by Jesus in the 4 gospels. Healing is a blessing from God in the New Covenant that began with Jesus and the apostles and the disciples and on down to us. Miracles are also a blessing of the New Covenant and we find that in 1 Corinthians 12:10. As we read in 1 Corinthians 12:1-13, there are many more gifts listed. The New Covenant also has a blessing of deliverance. In all my studies I have come to the conclusion that a born again believer in Jesus Christ cannot be possessed by a demon or the devil. We have the Holy Spirit living in us and there is no way that the Holy Spirit and a demon can abide in the same place. We cannot mix Israel with the church. They just don’t mix. Israelites could be possessed by demons because the Holy Spirit did not indwell them. But, He does the born again believer. So, what is the deliverance? It is from the power of any sin like pornography, adultery, coveting, lust and all the rest. We have the power to cast out demons from any unbeliever: [Acts 16:16-18]. The New Covenant gives us the blessing of resurrection. Daniel prophesied of it in Daniel 12:13 and Hosea in Hosea 13:14 and Job in Job 19:25-27 and Jesus taught and demonstrated that He was the resurrection and the life in John 5:28-29 and 11: 25-26 and 43-44. Another blessing is of eternal life: [1 John 5:11-12]. Some of the curses in the other covenants are still in affect and some others have been done away with. In the New Covenant there are 3 main curses: The curse of the Jewish nation; Jesus ministered to them in the power of God, showing many signs and wonders, but they rejected Him and had Him crucified. Matthew 27:24-25 tells us that Pilate washed his hands and claimed that he was innocent of the shedding of the innocent blood of Jesus. The Jewish nation answered that His blood would be on their heads and the heads of their children. The curse of the Jewish nation cannot be lifted from “each individual” until “they” accept the blood of Jesus for cleansing. The curse of the wicked nations; all nations have rejected Jesus as savior. Romans 1:18-32 explains all of the reasons for this curse on the nations. The last is the eternal curse. This curse of curses is executed at the Great White Throne Judgment when all who have rejected Jesus will be cast into the lake of fire: [Matthew 25:41 and Revelation 20:11-15]. The New Covenant is a covenant of ‘grace’ rather than ‘works’ and it depends on ‘faith’ above ‘works’. The terms of this covenant are repentance and obedience. Repentance is the first step in coming to God: [Matthew 3:1-2, 6-12 and 4:17 and Acts 17:30 and 26:20]. Genuine repentance is changing direction and turning to God. Faith is the channel through which we receive the blessings: [Ephesians 2:8, Hebrews 11:6, John 3:16 and Ephesians 1:1-3]. The second step is Obedience. In all of the teachings of Jesus in the gospels, He laid down many conditions and obedience is the key: [Hebrews 5:8-9 and John 14:15 and 15:10]. The Mosaic Covenant required ‘legal’ obedience, The New Covenant requires ‘loving’ obedience: [1 John 3:22-24]. Jesus left us many commandments, but in Matthew 22:37-40, He breaks it down into 2. Love God and love your neighbor. All the commandments are summarized in the word love: [1 John 5:3, 2 John 6 and Romans 13:8-10]. Jesus, by His death on the cross, fulfills all the requirements of the Levitical law in the Mosaic Covenant. God was very particular about the body and blood of those animal victims. Their bodies had to be without blemish and without spot and they had to be disposed of in a certain manner. After the blood was used, it had to be disposed of in a certain manner also. Jesus fulfilled all of these requirements. The blood of this covenant is the blood of Jesus. From His blood we receive spiritual words: (1 Atonement: [Romans 5:11]. This means that we receive the blessings of the recovered favor of God. (2 Propitiation: [Romans 3:25 and 1 John 2:2 and 4:10. One of the meanings is “Mercy Seat”. According to the Mosaic Covenant, once a year the High Priest sprinkled blood on it and the blood became a covering for sin. In the New Covenant the blood of Jesus is not sprinkled on the Mercy Seat, but becomes a fountain of blood and all who come to Jesus are washed in that blood. His blood is an expiation of sin. In other words, the sin expires. It dies. Another meaning for propitiation is mercy. “For God so loved the world”: [John 3:16]. That is the whole world and that is a provision that no one is, by Divine pre-determination, excluded from the blood of Jesus. (3 Substitution: There is no word ‘substitute’ or ‘substitution’ in the bible. Romans 5:8 and 1 Peter 3:18 show us that God sent Jesus to the cross to die for our sins so that we would not have to die. If that is not substitution, I don’t know what is. Jesus died so that we could live. (4 Redemption: Colossians 1:14 tells us that we have been set free. Redeem means to buy back and that is what Jesus did for us. We had the penalty of death on our heads because of sin and Jesus took that penalty on Himself to redeem us. Read verse 13. It tells us that we are translated to the kingdom of Jesus. We are transferred or carried away from the kingdom of this world to the kingdom of God. (5 Ransom: In Exodus 21:30, a sum of money is laid upon the owner of an ox that had gored someone. If the owner is not stoned, he has to pay a ransom of a sum of money laid on him for his life. In the New Testament: Matthew 20:28, Mark 10:45 and 1 Timothy 2:5-6, God has put a price on the head of men and women because of sin and that price is death. No one is exempt because all have sinned. There is no money involved in the ransom of humanity. In order to save humanity, a human sacrifice had to be made. Jesus is the Lamb of God who gave His life for the ransom of all. There is one stipulation. We have to accept His blood and be washed by it to cleanse us from our sin. Jesus paid the ransom price that God set for our salvation. (6 Reconciliation: 2 Corinthians 5:18-21 and Hebrews 2:17 tell us, that by the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross, we who believe upon Him, are, by God’s own act, delivered from justly deserved death and made friends with God and children of God, whereby we can call Him Father. All of these words give us a bigger picture of what the blood of Jesus accomplished. In Matthew 26:26-28, Mark 14:22-24 and Luke 22:19-20, at the Last Supper, Jesus establishes an ordinance for the church, that we call “Communion” or “The Lord’s Table”. To be able to understand communion we have to look at the ordinance of Passover which was established by God for the Jewish nation in Exodus 12:43. There was also a time and a date set aside for keeping it: [Leviticus 23:5 and Numbers 9:2-3]. In Exodus 12:7-13, the Israelites had to take the blood of the sacrificial lamb and put it on the lintel and the doorposts of their houses so that the death angel would pass over them. The death angel passed over them, but slew all of the first born of Egypt, because there was no blood on their doors. All of the Israelites had blood on their doors, because there is no record of any of them dying. In verses 9-10, they were also told to eat all of the sacrificial lamb. Even though this took place before the Mosaic Covenant was given, it is considered part of it, part of the law. From the Old Testament Passover we go to the New Testament Passover. At the Last Supper, Jesus and His apostles were celebrating the Jewish feast of Passover. They were eating the lamb that had been slain and all the other ingredients that were required in that Passover meal. While they were still eating of that meal, Jesus took bread and blessed it and broke it and gave it to the apostles and said, “Take, eat, this is my body”. He then took the cup of wine and gave thanks and gave it to the apostles saying, “Drink ye all of it, for this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins”. From this, we get our “Communion Service” or whatever various churches call it. Everything that Jesus had done in His 3 year ministry was to prepare His disciples for the transition from the Old Covenant (Law), to the New Covenant (Grace), from the old Passover to the new Passover. In 1 Corinthians 5:7, Paul tells us that Jesus is our Passover. In John 1:29 and 36, John the Baptist calls Jesus “the Lamb of God”. Also in verse 29, John says, “Which taketh away the sin of the world”. What John is saying, is that Jesus was God’s sacrificial lamb. The Communion Service should be a powerful service, but it is not. Why is that? Because we are conducting that service in man’s way and not in God’s way. The problem is that theologians and scholars have robbed us of the way that Communion should be held. Jesus has said “take, eat, this is my body” and, “drink, this is my blood”. They say you can’t do that, because it is cannibalism. But that is not what God says. In the middle of eating the Jewish Passover, Jesus instituted the Christian Passover. As in the Jewish Passover, where they ate the sacrificial lamb, the Christian Passover calls for us to eat the sacrificial lamb and that lamb is Jesus. In a Communion Service, what are the people thinking of when they eat the cracker or the bread? Probably, they are thinking of how small or how stale it is or their sins or the cross or so many other things. In 1 Corinthians 11:23-25, Paul tells us in verse 24 that Jesus took bread and gave thanks and broke it and said, “Take, eat, this is my body, which is broken for you. This do in remembrance of Me”. Then Paul tells us in verse 25 that after the same manner Jesus took the cup saying, “This cup is the New Testament in My blood. This do ye, as often as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me”. Jesus told them this at the Jewish Passover, which was a physical feast. He sat before them and they did not eat of His body or drink of His blood because He was pointing them to a time after the cross. Jesus was showing them physically what they would have to do spiritually to remember Him after His death. When Jesus died on the cross, it was the Christian Day of Atonement where the blood of Jesus was brought to heaven to the Holy of Holies, God’s throne, by the High Priest Melchisedek and presented to God. Jesus died for the sins of the world, but in order to receive that atonement and Passover, an individual must receive Jesus as his or her personal savior. We have gone from the physical in the Old Testament to the spiritual in the New Testament. So, what is the Communion Service about? It is remembering the broken body and shed blood of Jesus, and we do that by eating His body and drinking His blood. Spiritually I can eat the body of Jesus and drink His blood because that is what He has told us to do. So, if we listen to Jesus we can and will, but if we listen to man we won’t. If any individual goes into a Communion Service with what Jesus said in mind, it will become a powerful service for that person. The service in the church will not be powerful until the congregation gets involved in it. The only thing that makes a person worthy of taking Communion is, that he or she has to know Jesus as their personal savior. The Last Supper contains 2 feasts, the old Passover where an animal was sacrificed and eaten, and the new Passover where the Lord Jesus is sacrificed and eaten. In the old, the lamb that was eaten disappeared. In the new, the Lamb of God, Jesus, remains intact forever. He never disappears. We have to remember that the blood of Jesus is the most important element in the bible and we can’t let anyone take it away from us. Without the blood of Jesus there is nothing, we are nothing. There are events in the Mosaic Covenant that prefigure events in the New Covenant. One of them is the Day of Atonement, physical in the Old and spiritual in the New. In the Old, a new animal had to be sacrificed each year, but in the New, Jesus was sacrificed once and that was forever. The bible tells us in Matthew 27:51, Mark 15:38 and Luke 23:45, that when Jesus died on the cross, the veil separating the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies was torn in two. In Hebrews 10:19-20, the bible says that the flesh of Jesus is now the veil. In the Old, when the veil was torn, all priest could enter the Holy of Holies and in the New, all born again believers in Jesus Christ can enter the Holy of Holies, which is the throne of God, because we have been made priest. As such, we can pass through the veil, JESUS, and enter into the throne of God. Physical sacrifices are out, but God requires in us, spiritual sacrifices: Righteousness, in Psalm 4:5. Joy, in Psalm 27:6. A broken and contrite spirit: in Psalm 51:17. Thanksgiving, in Psalm 107:22 and 116:17. Our bodies a living sacrifice, in Romans 12:1-2. Praise: in Hebrews 13:15. To do good and fellowship: in Hebrews 13:16. The fatherly and Aaronic and Levitical priesthood of the Old Testament was fulfilled in the New Covenant order of Melchisedek. All of the Old Testament priest died but in the New Covenant order, Jesus and Melchisedek never die. We are also priest in that order: [Hebrews, chapters 5,6,7]. In contrast to Moses and Aaron and all Old Testament priest who were sinful and needed redemption, Jesus is a sinless priest who does not need redemption. He is the redeemer: [2 Corinthians 5:21]. Jesus is a divine human priest as shown in John 1:1-3 and Hebrews 2:17. As a divine human priest, Jesus is the perfect mediator of this covenant. A true mediator has to understand perfectly, the parties that need reconciliation. Moses and all of the Old Testament priest could understand man’s part but could not fully understand God’s part. Jesus as a divine priest could fully understand God’s part, and as a human priest, He can fully understand man’s part also, to bring reconciliation between a Holy God and a sinful man. There is a sanctuary in the New Covenant. If we look in all of the other covenants, from Adam to Jesus, they all had physical sanctuaries. When any of the Old Testament patriarchs built an altar for sacrifice to God, it was considered a sanctuary. It was physical because man built it. The sanctuary in the New Covenant is spiritual. Heaven is where God dwells and it is the Most Holy of all places. Most pictures that we see of heaven are of what is called the Pearly Gates. Usually, someone is there checking people in. That’s false. There are no Pearly Gates, but there is a ‘door’. The Old Testament gives us a picture of the veil that separated the 2 chambers in the Tabernacle. This was a physical veil. In the New Covenant, that physical veil becomes a spiritual veil. The flesh of Jesus has become that veil. In heaven, there is a ‘door’ to enter in, and Jesus, as the veil, has also become that ‘door’. There is no other entrance into heaven. All born again believers in Jesus Christ have become priest and are able to pass through that veil. We are spiritual priest after the order of Melchisedek, just like Jesus. Again, that is spiritual. We read in Matthew 7:21-23 and Luke 13:25-27, of people knocking on the door and saying, ‘Lord let us in’, and Jesus replying, ‘Depart, I never knew you’. Jesus is the veil to the believer and the door to the unbeliever. There is a gate and a door. The gate is found in Matthew 7:13-14 and Luke 13:24. These verses in Matthew and Luke give us a picture of what happens at the door. There is a difference between gate and door. An easy way to picture it would be to picture a house with a fence around it. The opening to that enclosure would be called a ‘gate’ and the opening into the house would be called a ‘door’. Anyone wanting to see someone in the house can enter the gate without knocking, but they have to knock on the door to be allowed in the house. There is a broad way and a narrow way. Most people understand that the unsaved enter the broad way, but they do not understand the narrow way. Most people believe that the only ones who enter the strait gate and walk that way are Christians. That is not the case. In all of the Christian churches, there are people who look like Christians, talk like Christians and act like Christians, but they are not Christians. Those people have entered the narrow way and are walking on their journey side by side with the Christians. When the journey is over (death) for both parties, they come to the door of heaven. Jesus is that door. For the born again believer, Jesus is the veil, and as priest we can go through the veil into heaven. The unbeliever is met by Jesus, the door. When they knock on that door, Jesus tells them that He never knew them and that they cannot enter in. It is too late for them. The seal of this covenant is the Holy Spirit. We can find that in Ephesians 1:13-14 and 2 Corinthians 1:22. In Hebrews 13:20, the bible tells us that this covenant is everlasting, [in the King James version], and eternal, [in the NIV]. So, when we talk about the blood of Jesus in this covenant, the blood never goes away. It is forever. The fountain of blood never runs dry. I want to say one more thing about the blood of Jesus. A Christian belief is that we have been washed in the blood of Jesus. In other words, we have taken a bath in His blood, and that bath has washed away all our sins. This is spiritual. If we can believe that, then why can’t we believe that we can drink His blood at a Communion Service, spiritually?

Bill Gauthier

Any questions/comments??? Call Me @860-443-6531

Covenents 2

Covenants 2


MOSAIC Covenant

The Mosaic covenant was a temporary covenant given to Israel on Mt. Sinai and was fulfilled by Jesus. A later covenant, the New covenant, terminates it. It is the most complicated of all. It details the animal sacrifices, the priesthood, the sanctuary and the complete governing of the nation Israel, both spiritual and physical. It was made with Israel and only Israel, as seen in Exodus 24:7-8 and Deuteronomy 5:1-5. This covenant was made 430 years after the Abrahamic covenant: (Exodus 12:40 and Galatians 3:14-18). In Egypt, Israel became a great nation but failed in their relationship with God: (Joshua 24:14 and Ezekiel 20:5-9). God prepared a man, (Moses), to deliver them. Moses tried to do this in his own strength by killing an Egyptian. To get away from the wrath of Pharaoh for his killing of the Egyptian, Moses fled to Midian and remained there for 40 years. God appeared to him there in a burning bush and told him what he had to do. When he finally agreed to go and was on his way, God sought to kill him for failing to keep the Abrahamic covenant in his family: (Genesis 17:9-14). He could not deliver Israel until his family was under the Abrahamic covenant. It was his responsibility to circumcise his children. He circumcised his 2 sons and then God made him well: (Exodus 4:24-26). God gave Moses some special signs and wonders to help Israel accept him and to help Pharaoh let the people go. The 10th plague brings us to the celebration of the Passover Feast. Israel leaves Egypt and not much time passes before they start complaining. There is much going on after leaving Egypt, but finally they arrive at Mt. Sinai. The generation that left Egypt consisted of men 20 years old and older, not men under 20 nor women. They complained and murmured all the time. They proved themselves to be a faithless generation. They provoked God many times by disobedience even though they had promised God to obey all of His words: (Exodus 19:8 and 24:3,7). God chose Israel out of all of the nations to be a model nation by which He could show His grace and mercy to other nations, but their failure to be a model nation is illustrated by the guilt of the entire world. The Mosaic covenant sets forth the divine standard of righteousness: (Psalm 19:7-10). It gives a clear external definition of sin: (Romans 7:7). It exposes Israel and all the world of their guilt before God: (Romans 3:19). The law put them under a schoolmaster to prepare them for the coming of their Messianic Seed, Christ, and to provide a ceremonial law in the sacrificing of animals for providing atonement for sin. Many people think that atonement is a big word with deep meanings. It is. But for our purposes, all it means is the covering over of the sin. God allowed the blood of the animals to cover the sin. In other words, hide it from His eyes so that He could have fellowship with the sinner. It does not wash it away, but points to the cross and the blood of Christ, which does wash it away. This way of hiding God’s eyes from the sin of man was put in operation by God Himself, not man. The blood of the animals was a temporary atonement for sin. Sacrifices were part of the law, but the law could not justify, (make righteous), man before God. Galatians 3:10-16 explains to us that it is by the grace of God and by faith in Jesus Christ that we are justified. The Mosaic covenant does not annul or replace the Abrahamic covenant. It runs parallel with it. Galatians 3:15-19 shows that both covenants flowed to the cross and Jesus Christ. There are more words and chapters in this covenant than in any other Old Testament covenant. All of these words can be classified under 3 major divisions of the law: moral law, civil law and ceremonial law. Moral law would be the 10 Commandments. Civil law samples would be found in Exodus chapters 21 to 23. The ceremonial law had to do with all of the sacrifices and various feast days. All 3 come under the 1 word, ‘law’. Abraham’s covenant was of promise. The Mosaic covenant was of conditions. The consequence of their unbelief and the punishment for their disobedience was clearly spelled out to them. In the 10 Commandments that were given to Moses, the 1st four had to do with the relationship between God and man. The last six had to do with the relationship between man and man. In Deuteronomy 11: 26-28, we read of blessings and curses: blessings for obeying and curses for disobeying. The love of God is the key to obeying His commands. There was no oath attached to this covenant. This covenant has the fullest and most detailed description of sacrifices. God was very exact as to what happened to the bodies of the sacrificial animals and He was also particular about what happened to the blood. There were 5 types of offerings, the Burnt offering, the Meal offering and the Peace offering. These 3 offerings were voluntary. The Sin offering and the Trespass offering were 2 offerings that were compulsory. There were other sacrifices for cleansing lepers, the daily sacrifice, the Sabbath day, the feast days and others. No matter how much animal blood was shed, it could not remove the sin. All it could do was cover sin until the blood of Jesus would wash sin away. There are 5 major truths about the blood; (1. It has a voice: Genesis 4:10 and Hebrews 12:24. (2. It is the life: Genesis 9:4-5 and Deuteronomy 12:23. (3. It is an atonement for the soul: Leviticus 17:11-12. (4. It is the evidence of outpouring life: Deuteronomy 12:16, 23-24. (5. It is evidence of judgment of sin by death: Leviticus 16:15-16. Until this covenant, the patriarchs were the mediators of the covenants. In this covenant there were 2 mediators. Moses acted as the king and was the mediator of the words of this covenant and Aaron the High Priest was mediator of the blood of this covenant. In Exodus 19:1-6, we read that Israel was to be a kingdom of priest, but they failed, so God chose the tribe of Levi for that purpose. The dual king-High priesthood of Moses and Aaron prefigures the King-High Priesthood of Jesus Christ. The Levitical priesthood prefigures the priesthood of all believers in Christ: (Hebrews 2:5,9). In Exodus 25:8, God tells Moses to have the people build Him a tabernacle so that He could dwell with them. The details for the building of this tabernacle are found in Exodus chapters 25 to 40. This tabernacle is the sanctuary of this covenant. The 1st chamber is called the Holy of Holies. This is where God dwelt. No one could enter it except the High Priest, once a year, on the Day of Atonement. The 2nd chamber, called the Holy Place, had need of the priest ministering in it daily. A veil separated the 2 chambers. The 3rd area was the outer court that surrounded the 2 chambers and in it were the Brazen Altar and the Brazen Laver. This is where the priest performed the daily sacrifices and ceremonial cleansing by blood and water. There is much more that can be said about this covenant, but it’s perfect fulfillment is found in our Lord Jesus Christ.



The Palestinian covenant was made in the land of Moab: (Deuteronomy 9:1), and was given to the 2nd generation of Israel since leaving Egypt. After 40 yrs of wandering in the desert, the 1st generation had all died except 2, Joshua and Caleb. The Mosaic Covenant was given to the 1st generation out of Egypt at Mt Sinai and they were given all the laws for the people. The Palestinian Covenant was given to the 2nd generation just before they entered the land that God had promised Abraham, and they were given laws for the land. This Covenant is closely associated with the Mosaic Covenant. This generation was under both covenants. The word land is used approximately 180 times in the book of Deuteronomy, a primary focus. In Deuteronomy 8:7-10 and 11:9-17, and Leviticus 26:3-13, Moses gave the Israelites a good description of the Promised Land. God promised that if they were obedient, many blessings would come upon them and overtake them. God also promised that if they were disobedient, many cursings would come upon them and overtake them. The following are the promises of Blessing found in Deuteronomy 28:1-14 and the promises of Cursing found in Deuteronomy 28:15-68.

Blessings:                                           Cursings:

a. Blessed in the city                          a. Cursed in the city

b. Blessed in the field                         b. Cursed in the field

c. Blessed in fruitfulness                    c. Cursed in fruitfulness

d. Blessed in daily provision              d. Cursed in daily provision

e. Blessed in daily activities               e. Cursed in daily activities

f. Blessed in victory over enemies      f. Cursed in labor

g. Blessed in store houses                   g. Cursed in diseases

h. Blessed in labor                              h. Cursed in the land

i. Blessed in seasonal rain                   i. Cursed in the lack of rains

j. Blessed in national position             j. Cursed in defeat by their enemies

k. Blessed in commerce                      k. Cursed in captivities

                                                             l. Cursed in domestic life

                                                            m. Cursed in possessions

                                                             n. Cursed in national position


The fulfillment of the promises of blessing can be found in the books of Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. In Leviticus 25:23-24 God says that the land is His and He is Lord of the land. Today we would say Landlord, and as Landlord, God dictates the terms or conditions by which the Israelites could possess this land. In the Mosaic covenant, the Sabbath day, the day of rest, was the emphasis. In the Palestinian covenant, the Sabbatical year, every 7th year, was a year of Sabbath rest for the land and it was the emphasis. Leviticus 25:1-7 tells us that they could not sow the field or prune the vineyard on that 7th year. Because of the disobedience of Judah, the southern kingdom, in 606 BC, they were overrun by Nebuchadnezzar and taken to Babylon as captives for 70 years as punishment because they had not allowed the land to rest for 70 of the 7th year Sabbaths: (2 Chronicles 36:21). There is an oath involved with the curses and it’s found in Daniel 9:11. Remember, Daniel was 1 of those who were taken captive to Babylon. Deuteronomy is the book of this covenant: (Deuteronomy 31:9-10, 24-26). The blood of this covenant is found in Deuteronomy 27:5-7. The burnt offerings and the peace offerings were voluntary. The mediator of this covenant is the same as prescribed in the Mosaic covenant. After the death of Moses the mediator of words and Aaron the mediator of blood, Eleazar, the son of Aaron, became the High Priest and thus became mediator of both the words and the blood. In Psalm 78:54 and Exodus 15:17, we read that the land of Palestine was God’s sanctuary. In this land was the Holy City: (Nehemiah 11:1,18, the Holy Hill: (Psalm 15:1), the Holy Temple:  (Psalm 5:7), the Holy Mountain: (Daniel 9:16, the Holy Land:  (Zechariah 2:12). In Deuteronomy 27:4-8 Moses commands the building of the altar and the sacrifices to be done, and in Joshua 8:30-32, Joshua has it done. In Deuteronomy 27:11-13, Moses commands that 6 tribes stand on Mount Gerizim, the mount of blessing and 6 tribes on Mount Ebal, the mount of cursing and in Joshua 8:33-35, Joshua has it done. The curses are found in Deuteronomy 27:15-26 and the blessings in Deuteronomy 28:1-14. With all of this, the land and the people were consecrated unto God. The blessings and cursings had to do with their performance. If they obeyed God, the blessings would come. If they disobeyed Him, then the cursings would come. The Sabbath Year of ‘rest for the land’ was a very important part of the covenant. Israel continually disobeyed and was punished in many ways. Finally, the northern kingdom of Israel was cast out of the land in 721 BC by the Assyrians and taken into captivity, never to return again. The southern kingdom of Judah was cast out in 606 BC and taken into captivity by the Babylonians, and after 70 years a remnant was allowed to return. Before the cross, Israel was supposed to be the base for God’s redemption, but since the cross, the land has ceased to be the focal point. It may be called the Holy Land, but it is not a holy land. The focal point of redemption is no longer a promised place, but is now a promised Person; Jesus Christ. Today, the church of Jesus Christ is God’s land and He cultivates it to get fruit from it.


DAVIDIC Covenant

The Davidic covenant is an extension of the Abrahamic covenant. The chief promise of this covenant has to do with kingship. In the Abrahamic covenant, kingship was promised to Abraham in Genesis17: 6, to Sarah in Genesis 17:16, to Jacob in Genesis 35:11, and to Judah in Genesis 49:10. In the Mosaic covenant, kingship is promised to the nation Israel in Numbers 23:21 and in Deuteronomy 17:14-20. There are promises in this covenant in 2 Samuel 7:10 and 1 Chronicles 17:9. There is an appointed land and God ordained that they should move no more. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob moved all over the area but had no place to call their own. In 2 Samuel 7:11 and 1 Chronicles 17:10, they were promised victory over their enemies and also ‘rest’. David not only regained all of the land that Israel had lost, but also conquered the land that was promised to Abraham in 2 Chronicles 9:26. David would have a ruling dynasty according to 2 Samuel 7:11-16 and 1 Chronicles 17:11-15. His seed would be on the throne of his kingdom forever. Under the Abrahamic covenant, God chose a nation, (Israel), and from this nation, a tribe, (Judah). Under the Davidic covenant, God chose a family, ‘David of Jesse’. All of the kings on the throne of the house of Judah, (tribes of Judah and Benjamin), range from Solomon in 1 Kings chapters 1-11 to Zedekiah in 2 Kings 24:17-20 and chapter 25. None of the kings of the northern kingdom, (the other ten tribes), were of the Davidic seed. David died in the year 1015 BC and Solomon became king. All of the kings of Judah sat on the throne in Jerusalem for approximately 409 years until 606 BC. For the next 606 years, there was no Davidic king sitting on the throne in Jerusalem. Does that mean that God broke His promise to David? The answer is an emphatic NO. Even though there was no king sitting on the throne, God’s promise to Abraham and David of their seed sitting on the throne is fulfilled in Jesus, who is the Seed Royal, the King of Kings. Luke 1:31-33 tells us, before the fact, that Jesus would be king. Acts 2:29-36 tells us, after the fact, that Jesus was king. In Matthew 1, you will find that the line of David continues from his son Solomon, to Joseph, the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus. In Luke 3, you will find that the line of David continues through his son Nathan, to Mary, the mother of Jesus. Why the two lines? Because one was a physical line and the other was a spiritual line. In Matthew, we see the physical line. All kings that are recorded in scripture from Solomon to Zedekiah come from this line. When Jesus was born, everyone thought that Joseph was His father. No one knew that Jesus’ father was God until He died and the gospels were written. The line that comes through Nathan is the spiritual line.  By this, I mean that it leads to Jesus, who was a spiritual king. Jesus was never anointed a physical king. He is the spiritual king and David’s throne, which Jesus sits upon, is in heaven. There is no other mention of any of the persons in Nathan’s line, in the bible, except in this genealogy. Solomon’s line is physical because we can see all the kings. In Nathan’s line there were no kings except Jesus. The focal point of the Davidic covenant is found in 2 Samuel 7:1-10, where David wanted to build God’s house. God refuses to allow him to do it, but God promised David that He would build David’s house. This is not referring to a building but to his posterity. Solomon, David’s son, was allowed to build the temple. The temple prefigures Christ: (John 2:18-21), and the church: (1 Corinthians 3:16, 19-22). In 2 Samuel 7:18-29 and 1 Chronicles 17:16-27, David, in his prayer, professes his faith. Obedience was also a requirement: (2 Samuel 7:14 and Psalm 89:30-32). This covenant was confirmed by an oath: (Psalm 89:3-4). There were many blood sacrifices in this covenant, but in David we also see spiritual sacrifices: (Psalm 27:6 and 116:17-19, Hebrews 13:15-16 and 1 Peter 2:5). The seal of the covenant is in Psalm 89:34-37, where God promised David that He would not alter or break this covenant and that his seed and his throne would endure forever. God uses the sun and moon to establish it. As long as the ordinances of heaven, sun, moon and so on, remain in affect, the promise to David of his seed and throne also remain in affect. Christ is the ultimate fulfillment of this covenant. In Jesus, David finds his Lord (as to His Divinity) and his son (as to His Humanity).

Bill Gauthier

Any questions/comments??? Call Me @ 860-443-6531