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White balance – ‘COLOR THEORY’

You have a new high tech  camera, it relies on a computer chip to balance your color in some ‘electronic’ method.

But what if you do not like the results that the camera provides on the output, or the input into your image editing program?

i.e. adobe photoshop, adobe elements, paint shop pro etc. every program has the same basic features,

let me let you  in on a little known secret for today’s generation of instant photography;  the same rules still apply, that applied to working with film. Although the methods used to color correct any image, are different, the principles to achieve the results are the same.

In the darkroom,  in photography;  There are only six colors you must understand, and how they work with each other.  this is extremly simple to learn and to master in no time.

If you want to learn the Art of Photography, this is essential.

In the darkroom, when you made a color print, it was a guarantee, that the finished print would be one of six different colors wrong.  One color would be seen in excess,  A color shift it was called. You can determine what color is in excess in any of your photographs by using CC filters (color correction). or by looking at the white / neutral areas in your image in the shadows, looking for ‘grey’.  Whites should be white and grey’s should be grey!  this is simple to achieve now. once you understand which colors react to which secondary color.

RED – GREEN – BLUE are the three primary colors in photogaphy

Opposite of Red is Cyan

Opposite of Green is Magenta

Opposite of Blue is Yellow

(color theory for “paint” is different). But we are speaking about photography, and the methods used to correct any print. This works the same if your in *raw mode or *jpg, *tiff,  or any other options you may have to choose from.

Colors have specific properties that always act in predictable ways.

for instance, If I have a round circular piece of cardboard such as comes with a pizza, If I divide that circle into exact thirds, and paint each of those sections Red, Green, Blue.  when I spin that circle very fast by putting a pencil or needle in the center,  what color will I see? when that wheel is spun very fast ?

Black is not a color, Black is the absence of ALL  color(s). !   We are using all the primariy color(s). Therefore

We shall see  “white” !! White is the presence of ALL color(s). !!

This can also be illustrated by using lights, in real life or in a 3D program .

by using a redThe six colors you need to be concerned with ! , green and blue light(s). and aim these lights at a common center point. where these three lights over lap and come together, we will see  white, and in the overlapping outside layers, the secondary or opposite colors are clearly shown also.!! In the darkroom, when you viewed a finished color print and it was too yellow. to fix this next print you would add more yellow to the filter pack to get the yellow out of the next image. If that print was too blue, you would subtract yellow to get rid of the blue. And it is the same using photoshop. At the top of the menu bar under the heading of “image” > adjustments> color balance ; . –  If you have a print that is too yellow, just move that yellow slider towards blue and see the changes instantly.  The only time you might get confused is when you mistake blue for cyan; or cyan for blue. the other colors are less confusing to work with.

With a little practice you will achieve amazing results in no time !!

All it takes, is just a little practice

Polar Bears !


In my 30 years of living in the Arctic among the Inupiaq people(s).  I have seen less than 10 polar bears taken down, as a last resort.  Too many people think that  these people are killing this bear on a daily basis.  The media will not admit the truth; 

Polar populations around the entire world are at an all time high.  THAT IS FACT: !!

 The marine mammal act has governed industry activities in northern Alaska for three decades, and the result has been only “negligible” impacts on polar bears, federal biologists say.

BUT .. someone else says different and has put the animal on the endangered list ,  (MARCH 14TH) Much to the anger of the people of Alaska,  this is headed into court for litigation. .because it IS NOT TRUE !!

UPDATE:  Polar Bears are not in any danger !!  They have been deciding for over three years now, whether to put them on the endangered list. Last year or so ago they put that animal on that list and then quickly took it off. Now, the decison is being pondered again, with much scientific research & 5,000,000 dollars.
If they succeed in putting this animal on this list, .. .. a tragic disaster would take place. The walrus and seal and caribou are next !  This unique culture will perish,  – we do not hunt. for that bear. it is too dangerous.

Here is something your not even aware of.. Alaska; – the Arctic – Sibera. only counts for 20% of the Polar Bear Population of the entire globe. Now it is going into court for litigation !!
The federal government is with-holding the info needed to make this decision.  There is so much you do not know about this ferocious beast.  A mother can take her cubs into that water and swim for  hundreds of  miles.  this is fact:  Polar bears also know how to tread water. Do you actually think a mother would take her children on a suicide mission ?

These scientists cannot possibly cover this huge vast area up here.  A hand full of scientits have to check out an area that is bigger than the us of a.  We know how to deal with these animals. .. the white man doesn’t.  Just leave them alone. half the time they are running from the very people that are trying to study them. shooting them. performing their research.   Just leave them alone.  Only as an absolute last resort, do we have to take one down.  single digits each year.  We do not go out to hunt them. they are too dangerous.It has also been documented on the history channel with ‘film’ of a polargrizz. !!

 Here are some facts and information, I bet you never knew.

Well lets pause here for a moment,  (pun intended)

Polar Bears are not cute cuddly animals that are ferocious beasts of prey.

Danger warning: POLAR BEARS are not soft cuddly cute animals, they are ferocious beasts of prey that are extremly dangerous and very unpredictable.

There is much you do not know about these animals, this short segment will teach you much about this magnificent animal, that should never be underestimated.

ALL bears.. .. are left handed, they will always strike with the left PAW first!

Even after a polar bear has been killed, that bear can still kill that hunter if he is not careful when that bear is opened up.
The liver must be burnt and destroyed, anything that eats this will die!

This animal should never be underestimated, they are extremly unpredictable.
Admiral Perry on his expedition to the North Pole lost 3 members of his crew due to attempting to eat a polar bears liver,  It is saturated with millions of units of Vitamin A.  This is extremly toxic and deadly.
when that bear has been opened up for gutting, skinning, etc.. A hunter must be extremly careful, not to get any of that “juice’ on himself, gloves must be worn. Great care must be taken when cutting the liver out of the animal. the tubes must be tied to prevent leakage of this “JUICE”  it contains tooo much, Vitamin A and just by getting some on your skin it will kill you!

When the hunter is finished with the procedure of gutting that animal, any clothing that has “juice” on it must be burned and destroyed !

Barrow Alaska 1940’s  Vincent Nageak was gutting a bear, and all was well and finished, His gloves were removed and burnt.  His hands were cold and he brought up his hands to warm them by blowing on them close to his mouth.  Unknown to him at the time of this event. The tiny-est speck of juice touched his lip.

He Lived to tell about it in a very unusual way.  He lived for many decades but he stood out in a most peculiar way.

Eskimo’s are darkskinned and with black hair. Vincent’s appearance was white as snow. His skin, his hair.  ALBINO. pure white skin, pure white hair. Everything was bleached white by that small miniscule amount of vitamin A on his skin.

Everyone in Barrow knows of this famous hunter, He died in the late 1980s I believe. I have never had the pleasure to meet this famous man, but many have told me the same story in each and every village. His claim to fame was well known all over the area.
In the Lane’s house in Point Hope there is a huge photo / poster of this man hanging on the wall and the whiteness of his skin / hair is extremly apparent !!

A polar bear can run at speeds of over 40 miles per hour, they can attack without notice, out on the ocean ice. They are ferocious predators. Each month, certain women must get off the ice. go home. come back later in a week or so. get off the ice. you present too much of a danger out here for everyone.
That bear can smell blood for many miles, these bears are extremly clever and will stop at nothing to eat, anything.

Seals are their main food supply.  A bear will sit over a breathing hole in the ice and cover his nose and eyes with its paws, and wait for a seal to surface to breathe. One quick look around by the seal, and it is all over,.. … … ..  burp!

BILLLY WEBER WAS OUT ON THE OCEAN ICE; and a polar bear came around the corner and ran towards Billy at full speed.
Billy turned and ran. he had a .22 rifle with only one bullet left. he took off running,  he had no choice but to run.. that bear was gaining on Billly as he ran for his life. Other hunters out on the ice saw this event unfold, but were too far away to offer any assistance.  There is only one place to shoot a polar bear to kill it.
that one vital spot is in the ear. While running for his life, with that bear quckly gaining on Billy he merly pointed that rifle back as he ran and took the shot.. .. ..
.. .. Billy lived to tell about this and everyone up here knows of this famous event.

That bear was that close, because  Billy waited, and waited until the last possible second to point it at the ear and take the shot while on the run.  That bear went down.

A very close personal friend in Point Lay Alaska, My electrical apprentice, Charles Stalker Jr. III  was not so lucky.  A polar bear was going after his pregnent girl friend.  Charles distracted that bear away from her, and armed with only a knife, and a very thin jacket, that bear literallly cut him in half with the swing from the left paw.  The villagers came out and blasted that very skinny bear, but much of Charles  (50 pounds) had already been eaten.  Dec. 1990  sob!  I will post the exact newspaper account on this, for people that insist that I am making these stories up and I am a liar !!  tisk tisk.. so cruel !!

1950’s Allan Rock was out on the ocean ice.  Same predicament.. A polar bear was charging him, armed with only a large knife, Allan was successful and jumping on that bears back and taking him down the hard way.!!!!!  this is still spoken of, in the village of Point Hope. *  (quoted from a book ) ! Tigara Eskimos and their enviroment !!  I do not lie, I do not exageratte. I only want an apology from  the 5 people that have slapped me across the face, repeatidly !! On many occasions !! shame shame shame on all of you !!

During the 1970’s it was LEGAL for the white man to hunt the polar bear in Alaska.
A permit had to be obtained and it was good for only one day. The cost of the permit was 10,000 dollars,  This practice had to be discontinued because too many of the great white hunters were shooting polar bears from the planes they chartered.

Polar beat meat is the most delicious meat I have ever tasted in my life.
It is jet black, grainy like old gnarled wood, but it is so sweet and tender, 10 times better than the best prime rib I have ever tasted. In fact it was the ONLY time I had ever asked for seconds at a meal, and all at once everyone responded NO!

Scientists are puzzled at all the recent drownings of polar bears.  They say it is because of the huge distances between ice packs, that the bear cannot swim that far.  That is not the real reason for bears drowning, no.
The real reason for their drownings is they have no fear, they will attack a sleeping walrus on the ocean ice. A walrus will sleep on its back with head back revealing the vital neck region. when that bear pounces on that walrus, the walrus merely lowers its tusks around the bears head and rolls over into the water bringing the bear down to huge depths !

Nanauk is the Eskimo name for this animal

Polar Bears were recently put on the endangered species list and then quickly taken off that list.  We are only allowed to take them down as a last resort to protect innocent lives here in the village. Each year a few bears will enter the village. Bears stay on the ocean ice pack, sometimes they wander into town.
We do our very  best to get them out of town, back onto the ocean ice. Sometimes
that is not possible and we have to take them down quick, due to the fact there are children outside in the village.  This  year three bears entered town, two of those bears had to be taken down quickly, as they were trying to gain access into homes..  A mother with three cubs entered town.. We were successfull in getting that mother and those cubs, out of town back onto the ocean ice.

The  bear and the meat is the responsibility of the hunter, the skin is worked on by the women. It takes many women to perform a “Native Tan” on the skin using very sharp Ulu knives. This can take as much as ten hours or more.

This is extremly tedious, hard work, scraping that skin until it is clean.

These women work hard to scrape that skin clean, this is not an easy task to accomplish.  Sally Killigvuk, the mother of the hunter with the polar bear. Elizabeth Oviok (postmaster) work hard with these other women. Six – Eight women will spend  the entire day, working on this skin, when that skin is cleaned, then it is put into the ocean, tied up to soak for a week or two, then it is placed up on a rack in the strong north winds to dry, for many months.

Months out in that wind, to dry the skin(s).

Well we live a simple life in a very dangerous place, under the harshest conditions known to man on the entire face of the earth. We would not have it any other way.
Believe it or not, YOU are all invited to take part in whaling festival next June in Point Hope !!   A three day non-stop event held every year (coming soon).
J.J. Russell Lane, displays the skin of his very first polar bear.

This is very dangerous work to open up a polar bear, you best know exactly what you are doing.

Christopher Nashookpuk caught these two bears, in fact his girlfriend took down the big one.!!

Actually they got 3 of them, Kate Oviok took down the big one herself.
The dogs of the village are always curious when something of this nature is hanning to dry out. They always have something to “say”, and some low growling is always heard.

Grrr.. .. .. you ain’t so tough,  GrrrRR.

I've tasted polar bear meat, delicious, but I have never tasted brown bear meat.

That’s all for now, I will add more but .. ..

.. I truely hope that you found this all  “bear-y”  interesting !